Modern factors determining the status of students’ health

About authors

1 Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad, Russia

2 Privolzhsky Research Medical University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

3 Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed: Andrey V. Tarasov
Alexander Nevsky ul., 14, Kaliningrad, 236041, Russia; ur.xednay@1purd

About paper

Author contribution: research concept and design –Tarasov AV, Rakhmanov RS, Ievleva OV; material collection and processing –Tarasov AV; writing a text — Tarasov AV, Rakhmanov RS; editing — Tarasov AV, Rakhmanov RS, Bogomolova ES, Skoblina NA.

Compliance with ethical standards: the research was done in accordance with provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by the Ethics Committee of the Privolzhsky Research Medical University, Russian Federation, Nizhny Novgorod (protocol No. 8 as of May 08, 2019).

Received: 2022-01-21 Accepted: 2022-02-28 Published online: 2022-03-30

Students belong to a special medical and social group. A risk of health disturbances is typical of this community. It is associated with the influence of various habitat and educational factors. The most significant factors have been determined based on the analysis of literature data. It is about high levels of stress and depression due to low physical activity, high level of psychoemotional stress during lessons and examination periods, irrational and irregular nutrition, social adaptation to a new habitat, which is often accompanied by acclimatization while moving for educational purposes, disorders of sleep and rest, harmful habits. Significant areas of development of self-preserving technologies for students were determined based on the obtained data. They can include as follows: examination of morbidity risk factors due to the educational period (from the first to the last educational year), assessing the effect of weather and climate conditions on the educational territory (examining the process of students’ acclimatization), determining the role (peculiarities) of academic process technologies as a health risk factor (long-distance learning technologies, certain educational program), examining the progression and technology optimizing students’ way of life at different stages of education, assessment of physical activity, influence on accessibility of educational programs, significance of using electronic devices and educational means, feeding trends (ethnic ones, conditions and possibilities of adherence to the principles of healthy nutrition), etc.

Keywords: students, adaptation, sleep, stress, lifestyle, nutrition, examination period, hypodynamia, gadget