The purpose of our research was to provide a general hygienic assessment of an effect produced by labor conditions on quality of life dependent on the prevalence rate of parameters that form the voice pathology, and to develop prevention recommendations. The interrelation between objective complaints and diagnosed voice pathologies was examined. 224 teachers aged ≥ 38 y. o. who participated in the study were selected based on subjective complaints and objective data. Two examined groups of teachers were formed during the preliminary survey. The first control group consisted of 30 healthy non-smoking men and 70 women. The second group included 26 men and 98 women with different voice disorders. 79% of those surveyed had voice disorders (dysphonia), and 28% had aphonia, which occurred in those surveyed 2–5 times during the academic year. Over 70% of teachers from the second group lost their voice strength, 61% complained of periodically occurring hoarse and husky voice, one third (32%) had dry cough, every fourth person (24%) complained of decreased voice pitch. The extraordinary majority of teachers (77%) associated their voice distortion with a great professional vocal load. Remote results obtained at six months after the therapeutic and preventive course of Homeovox in teachers of higher educational institutions with a voice pathology significantly confirmed life quality improvement.
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Students belong to a special medical and social group. A risk of health disturbances is typical of this community. It is associated with the influence of various habitat and educational factors. The most significant factors have been determined based on the analysis of literature data. It is about high levels of stress and depression due to low physical activity, high level of psychoemotional stress during lessons and examination periods, irrational and irregular nutrition, social adaptation to a new habitat, which is often accompanied by acclimatization while moving for educational purposes, disorders of sleep and rest, harmful habits. Significant areas of development of self-preserving technologies for students were determined based on the obtained data. They can include as follows: examination of morbidity risk factors due to the educational period (from the first to the last educational year), assessing the effect of weather and climate conditions on the educational territory (examining the process of students’ acclimatization), determining the role (peculiarities) of academic process technologies as a health risk factor (long-distance learning technologies, certain educational program), examining the progression and technology optimizing students’ way of life at different stages of education, assessment of physical activity, influence on accessibility of educational programs, significance of using electronic devices and educational means, feeding trends (ethnic ones, conditions and possibilities of adherence to the principles of healthy nutrition), etc.
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