ISSN Print 2713-0878    ISSN Online 2713-0886
Russian Bulletin of Hygiene

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Shaping healthy lifestyle in high school seniors is one of the main challenges of society. The high school seniors' lifestyle is formed under the influence of their parents and teachers. The study was aimed to form a picture of the hygienic profile of high school seniors, their parents and teachers. An online questionnaire survey of 158 high school students aged 15–18, 113 parents, 202 teachers was carried out. It has been found that 88.6% of high school seniors spend much time on electronic gadgets, 37.2% spend more than three hours on homework, 39.9% sleep less than six hours per day, 35.3% drink alcohol, 12.7% have tried smoking, 4.0% smoke, 17.3% spend less than 60 min per day outdoors, 54.3% have insufficient physical activity, 25% do not follow principles of healthy eating, 25.1% eat cooked meals less than two times a day, 11.0% have a late supper. Among parents, spending much time on lectronic gadgets is reported in 30.1%, furthermore, 46.9% of them do nothing to improve their health, 55.7% sleep less than six hours per day, 25.6% drink alcohol, 11.5% smoke, 49.6% have insufficient physical activity, 20.4% do not follow principles of healthy eating, 15.0% have a late supper. As for teachers, spending much time on lectronic gadgets is reported in 37.8%, 41.7% of teachers do nothing to improve their health, 59.2% sleep less than six hours per day, 9.5% drink alcohol, 9.5% smoke, 42.8% have insufficient physical activity, 38.3% do not follow principles of healthy eating, 26.0% have a late supper. The hygienic profile of high school seniors, their parents and teachers demonstrates unhealthy lifestyle choices that pose a challenge for their lifestyle and health.
Building on the global medical historiography, this review attempts to demonstrate the continued interest and involvement of doctors in investigation of the influence of environmental factors, their epidemiological and pathological aspects, on life expectancy and health of human beings, as well as to cover the most significant domestically developed prevention measures applicable in everyday life, during epidemics and against occupational hazards. We have also attempted to outline the history of interinfluence of the two medical specializations, including the new round of their transformation as they merge into the digital reality of today. The review shows that when medicine, as science and trade, in Russia was going through its establishing phases in Russia, the prominent Russian experts underscored the need for integrated application of therapeutic and hygienic approaches, development of the most effective combination thereof with the aim of qualitative improvement of public health care. The article considers the historical prerequisites for development of the system of preventive and anti-epidemic measures, which are the key safeguards against diseases, and development of the hygiene, including occupational hygiene, from the moment of inception to the age of digital medicine we live in currently.
Aging is a destructive physiological process that increases with age and results in the decrease in the body's adaptive capacity. Aging is irreversible, however, it can be prolonged for many decades though maintaining active longevity. The study was aimed to assess ageing in terms of demography and analyze demographic policy in the Voronezh region. The study involved assessment of the major demographic parameters of the population, such as mortality, birth rate, population, and life expectancy. The data were provided by the territorial agency of the Federal State Statistics Service in the Voronezh region (Voronezhstat). It has been found that in recent years (2015–2021) birth rate has decreased by 1.4 times, life expectancy has decreased by 4.1 years, and mortality has increased by 1.5 times (2019–2021). Today, the population of elderly people is growing. This results in the situation when mortality exceeds birth rate. Population aging observed in the Voronezh region is rapid. To improve the major parameters, the demographic policy outlined in the document “On Approval of the Concept of Demographic Policy in the Voronezh Region for the Period up to 2025” has been implemented that is focused on improving both borth rate and the quality of life of the population. The project has not yet brought any desirable result, however, activities in this field contribute to improvement of major demographic indicators.

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2022-12-26 Our news

December 26, 2022 marks the 60th anniversary of the birth of Prof. Dmitry B. Nikityuk, Director of the Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Safety of Food, an outstanding Russian Scholar, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Doctor of Medicine.