The incidence of sleep disturbances among medical students

About authors

Burdenko Voronezh State Medical University

Correspondence should be addressed: Ekaterina P. Melikhova
ul. Studencheskaya, 10, Voronezh, 394036, Russia; ur.liam@9012.aniretaK

About paper

Author contributions: Literature analysis, research planning — Chernykh NY, Vasilieva MV, data collection and processing — Chernykh NY, Melikhova EP, Skrebneva AV, statistical processing — Skrebneva AV, editing — Melikhova EP.

Compliance with ethical standards: The participation was voluntary; all those surveyed signed an informed consent prior to study enrollment.

Received: 2021-08-03 Accepted: 2021-08-22 Published online: 2021-09-30

Sleep disturbance is a common health problem that can influence the quality of life. There are several types of sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, narcolepsy, periodic limb movement disorder, and circadian dysregulation. Medical students are probably more prone to sleep disturbances due to their extreme academic stress. In this research, the incidence of sleep disturbance among medical students was examined, and the concomitant risk factors were determined. That was one-time research. A questioning was used to collect social, demographic and sleeping data. 678 1st, 2nd and 3rd year medical students were surveyed. 29% complained of at least one sleep disturbance. The most widely spread sleep disturbance observed among 51.8% medical students included insomnia (initial insomnia and sleep maintenance). 4th year students and those who spend much time on smartphones were more prone to sleep disturbances. Sleep disturbances are common among medical students. They need to be discovered and paid attention to before the situation gets worse.

Keywords: health, students, insomnia, sleep disorders